Sclerotherapy is one of the most common methods used to treat varicose veins and spider veins. First developed in the 1800s, it has, since the 1920s, proven itself as a simple, non-surgical procedure in both the United States and Europe.
During treatment, a very fine needle is used to inject the abnormal vein with sclerosing solution, which irritates the inner lining of the vein and causes it to collapse. Meanwhile, because of the human body’s ability to heal itself, blood from the abnormal vein is naturally rerouted to a healthy vein. The result is that the unsightly varicose and spider veins disappear, and overall blood flow is improved. Treated veins generally disappear within three weeks to six months.
While basic sclerotherapy is effective in many cases, a procedure called ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy is required in more complex cases to help the physician pinpoint damaged veins located deep within the body. Ultrasound technology is used to precisely locate the location of a vein’s malfunction and help the doctor evaluate blood flow in a non-invasive manner.
Duplex ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy creates an image of the diseased vein to pinpoint the site of the injection. The treatment is effective in diagnosing larger, deeper veins, and it enhances procedural safety and efficiency. Once the veins are successfully closed, regular sclerotherapy can then be used to shrink the vein and reroute blood flow.
Sclerotherapy treatments in general offer numerous advantages to the patient. Treatments can be done in office, with minimal discomfort and no anesthesia required. There is also no recuperation period, virtually no scarring, and patients can return to normal activities in a short period of time.
Dr. Jack Tarr of Vein Specialists of Tennessee has more than 30 years of experience treating patients in Knoxville and the surrounding East Tennessee area. Vein Specialists of Tennessee routinely treats varicose veins, spider veins, face veins, and venous ulcers through a spectrum of treatment options, including ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy, endovenous laser ablation and microsurgical ambulatory phlebectomy.